What to visit
Castle of Penela - Listed Monument
Its construction started in the 11th century, although what you can see of the Castle these days only goes back to the 14th and 15th centuries. Inside is the Church of St Michael, which was originally built in the 12th century.
Beyond the Town Gate, there is another which is called the "Traitor's", or "Fields"' gate, that has double opening, in the form of an elbow, incorporated into a tower, which demonstrates the enduring influence of Moorish traditions on Portuguese fortifications at the end of the Middle Ages.
Church of St Michael
The Charter of 1137 contains a reference to the existence of a church. The building that can be seen these days is the result of major works undertaken in the second half of the 16th century.
The chancel, completely covered by baroque carving, mostly from the 17th or early 18th century. The image of the Virgin Mary and Infant Jesus, sculpted by João de Ruão sometime in the 16th century (1530/1540).
Pillory of Penela - Listed Monument
This pillory dates back to medieval times, and is composed by a column with an octagonal shaft, made of pine wood and three steps. At first it was placed in the middle of the main square, now it is in the Rua 25 de Abril.
The four metal shafts in the form of snakes, with rings dangling from their mouths. It also has two similar coats of arms, which are thought to represent the armorial bearings of the Municipality of Penela.
Church of the Misericord
This church is from the second half of the 16th century, even though it has the year 1616 engraved on its doorway. This was the date of refurbishment work.
The quality of the processional banner, composed of two paintings by Ernesto Condeixa which represent Piety and Our Lady of Mercy. The main doorway has elements from the Manueline, Renaissance and Mannerist periods.
Church of St. Eufémia - Listed Monument
Even though there are references to this church in 1254, it is mainly from the Renaissance period, with a body composed of three aisles, separated by Tuscan arcades, a wooden ceiling and a triple apse.
The altar has a baroque retable with gilt woodcarvings. Chapel dedicated to the Holy Ghost, where you can find an retable made of Ançã stone, brought straight from a Coimbra workshop in the middle of the 16th century, and a Gothic sculpture of the Virgin and Child, from the end of the 15th century, also by a Coimbra workshop. Font in the Manueline style.
Podentes Mother Church
The outside of this Church is the result of 19th century restoration work. Inside it only has one aisle, and a single chapel in the apse, with a nineteenth century high altar.
The two side chapels: the one on the left from the 17th century and dedicated to the Holy Sacrament, and on the right a chapel dedicated to Our Lady of the Rosary, which has a dome made of 16th century stone.
Pillory de Podentes - Listed Monument
This is a Manueline style pillory, with a marble shaft, probably taken from a ruined Roman building. It is the biggest single-piece shaft from this period that has been found in Portugal.
The marble shaft stands on a four-step base. The capital is a cube, displaying the Cross of Christ and the armillary sphere on two sides, and two weathered shields on the other sides, one of which is the quartered shield of Sousas de Arronches.
Mother Church of Rabaçal
Located 12 km from Conimbriga, the Roman Villa of Rabaçal is on a hillside in the parish of Rabaçal , between a wooded ridge and a stream, and is an integral part of the ancient civitas territory, close to the Roman road which connected Olisipo to Bracara Augusta (Lisbon to Braga).
Of this Roman Villa which dates from the 4th century A.D., the pars urbana (residential area), balneum (baths), pars frumentaria (section of the farmyard with a porch), pars rustica (servants’ quarters, store houses, workshops) are known.
The quality of the two side altars, carved in the neoclassical style of the end of the 17th century. In their niches, two 18th century sculptures of São Domingos and Santa Teresa.
The Roman Villa of Rabaçal
Located 12 km from Conimbriga, the Roman Villa of Rabaçal is on a hillside in the parish of Rabaçal, between a wooded ridge and a stream, and is an integral part of the ancient civitas territory, close to the Roman road which connected Olisipo to Bracara Augusta (Lisbon to Braga).
Of this Roman Villa which dates from the 4th century A.D., the pars urbana (residential area), balneum (baths), pars frumentaria (section of the farmyard with a porch), pars rustica (servants' quarters, store houses, workshops) are known.
The figurative motifs of the mosaics and some of the geometrical and plant patterns bear no resemblance to any others yet found in Portugal, together forming a whole new style.
Valley of Rabaçal
The Valley of Rabaçal has very particular characteristics. Its soil is calcareous, and it is mostly covered with low-growing vegetation, with wormseed, which gives the Rabaçal Cheese it's unique taste.
You will find grazing flocks all over these arid landscapes, and another abundant element in this area is the olive tree. A you pass through the Valley of Rabaçal, you must visit Rabaçal's Roman Ruins and the Museum, as well as the Castle of Germanelo and the small village of Chanca, where you can appreciate the whole beauty of the Valley.
Castle of Germanelo
Built by D. Afonso Henriques between 1140-1142, this castle, typical of the Reconquest period has a wonderful view over the valley of Rabaçal.
It is possible that it originated from a Romanized fort. It is private property, and its northern wall is supposed to have been rebuilt by Dr. Salvador Dias Arnaut.
Santo António Convent - Listed Monument
This convent was founded in 1578, however, the various constructions (church, residential area and outbuildings) date from the 18th century. It has been privately owned since 1834, the year in which the Franciscan Order became extinct, and at the moment it is in a poor state of repair.
The chancel's retable, in the a mannerist style, has a handsome outline and fine woodcarvings. It should be pointed out that the 18th century tiles were made in Coimbra, and the panels depict scenes from the life of...
Monte de Vez
Reached through São Sebastião, from this Hill you can enjoy a breathtaking view. The Chapel and a restored windmill are two things which give this spot a unique beauty. A large part of the Municipality can be seen from here, not only the towns of Penela and Espinhal, but also the Castle of Germanelo and the Serras do Espinhal and Rabaçal.
Caves and Potholing
Potholing is one of the Municipality's most promising strengths. Even though they have only been publicised very recently, the Algarinho and Talismã caves have been explored by several caving groups and are still in the examination phase.
Located to the south of the source of the River Dueça, and just yards away from the EN 110, in the Taliscas area, the Caves of Algarinho and Talismã are considered the biggest caves in the country.
Mother Church of Cumieira
It is thought to already have existed in the fifteenth century. Dedicated to St. Sebastian, the martyr, it still contains several elements from the Renaissance period.
The carved gilt baroque tabernacle, which is on the altar of one of the side chapels, and its two painted panels depicting Ecce Homo. The Renaissance vault of the Sacramento Chapel, where there are two sculptures in white Ançã limestone, sculpted in workshops in Coimbra, and representing our Lady with the Infant Jesus and a Holy Martyr.
São João do Deserto - Serra do Espinhal
"With a good pair of binoculars and a little imagination, you can see five Districts (apart from Coimbra, of course): Leiria, Castelo Branco, Guarda, Viseu and Aveiro. Climbing for a few kilometres to see five Districts, is definitely worth it. And you won't use anything apart from shoe leather."
Eugénio de Castro
Mother Church of Espinhal
It was erected in the second half of the 15th century, and its patron saint is St. Sebastian.
The baroque painting over the triumphal arch which represents the Appearance of Christ to the Virgin. The three aisles which form the interior of the church, separated by arcades formed by ionic columns. The main chapel with a half-barrel vault, with baroque gilt carved retables. The side chapels, covered by domes of corbels, contain stone retables in a Renaissance Coimbran style.
Serra do Espinhal (Espinhal Hills)
The Serra do Espinhal offers a unique landscape to the traveller. From here you can see the beautiful town of Penela, topped by the Castle. Depending on the time of year, the hills are covered by a palette of colours, from green to blue, to pink and yellow, thanks to the diversity of plants and trees that thrive there. It must be pointed out that the Belvedere of Serra de Stª Maria has a traditional sundial.
Louçainha Natural Dams - Serra do Espinhal
The freshness, the green hillside scenery, the serenity and peace of this place, make it one of the most attractive natural areas in the Municipality. Here, you will find natural pools, a picnic area and a panoramic restaurant.
Pedra Ferida (Wounded Rock) Waterfall - Espinhal
The Pedra Ferida Waterfall is in the Espinhal hills, and to get there you first go take the road to Ribeira da Azenha. To visit this pleasant spot, you'll have to leave your car a few hundred yards from it and walk a little way along a footpath.
The Municipality of Penela has a great many hill villages, which have kept their typical rural architecture. Of special interest among these is the Ferraria de S. João (S. João's Forge), in the Parish of Cumieira.
Tourist Information Office
Praça do Município, 3230-253 Penela
Tel. +351 239 561 132
Fax +351 239 569 400
Winter - every day between 10 am and 5:30 pm
Summer - every day between 10 am and 6 pm
Espaço-Museu da Villa Romana do Rabaçal
Tel. +351 239 561 856
Go Outdoor, Aventura, Desporto e Ar Livre e Lazer
Edifício da ETP Sicó Rua do Brasil, nº1
3230 - 255 Penela
Tel. (+351) 239 561 392
Fax (+351) 916 428 275
Public Swimming Pool
Tel. +351 239 560 123
Tel. +351 239 560 124